Failing to follow a vehicle at a safe distance = 2 demerit points and $200 fine.
Inappropriate use of headlights/fog lights = 1 demerit point and $100 fine.
Safe following distance
A safe following distance depends on your speed, driving conditions and the type of vehicle you are driving. In good conditions, you should drive at least two seconds behind the vehicle in front of you.
To determine the two seconds - watch the vehicle in front as it passes a landmark, such as a tree, sign, power pole or overpass. As it passes the landmark, start counting ‘one thousand and one, one thousand and two’ (this takes about two seconds). If you pass the same landmark before you finish counting to two seconds, you’re too close.
It is important to increase your following distance if the weather or road conditions are poor, if you're driving a heavy vehicle or towing a trailer.
High beam headlights are not permitted:
In wet, or poor visibility conditions:
Turn on your headlights (even if you have day time running lights which turn on automatically, remember check your lights are on in periods or areas of low visibility;
Use your windscreen demister to stop the windscreen from fogging up.
In foggy conditions:
Fog lights can be used in foggy conditions, dust storms or heavy rain. But do not drive with both headlights and fog lights on at the same time.