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Penalties – Cyclists

Not wearing a helmet = $50 fine.

Failure to have at least one effective brake and working warning device (e.g. bell) = $100 fine.

Failure to have correct lighting for visibility = $100 fine.

Bicycles can ride two side-by-side with up to 1.5m between riders. Failure to do so = $50 fine.

Riding less than 2m behind a vehicle = $100 fine.

Passing on the left of a vehicle that is turning left = $100 fine.

Penalties – Drivers

Failing to overtake a bicycle at a safe distance = 4 demerit points and $400 fine.

Entering a green bicycle box (at some intersections) = 2 demerit points and $200 fine.

Cyclists share the same rights and responsibilities as drivers and must obey the road rules.

Cyclists are vulnerable road users, so for their safety extra precautions and awareness are required from both cyclists and drivers.


  • When overtaking cyclists, it is recommended to do so at a distance of at least one metre;

  • Must give way to cyclists if crossing an on-road bicycle lane;

  • Before opening a car door, ensure there isn’t a bicycle rider in the way;

  • When turning left - if a cyclist is in front, allow them to pass before making a turn;

  • Must not enter the green bicycle boxes (at some intersections).


  • Must wear a helmet that is properly fastened;

  • Must have at least one brake and a warning device (bell/horn) working;

  • Must use a front white light and rear red light which can be seen for 200m during the night and in conditions of poor visibility. A red rear reflector visible for 50m is also required;

  • Can ride two side-by-side on the road, with up to 1.5m between riders;

  • Can’t ride less than 2m behind a vehicle;

  • Are not allowed to pass on left of a vehicle that is turning left;

  • Must give way to vehicles exiting a roundabout;

  • Should ensure visibility by wearing reflective or fluorescent clothing;

  • When travelling on the road, can be on the left of a road’s edge line.